Tradition is the identity and consensus of a nation or region in terms of reason and affection, belonging to the category of culture. The traditional culture determines the basic form of architecture. Therefore, the traditional features are ethnic and unique. Traditional Chinese architecture is the most exciting and intuitive carrier and manifestation of Chinese traditional culture and ethnic characteristics.
It is reflected in the stretching feeling that the gates, large windows and houses give out. The semi-enclosed space formed by the large eaves is not only shaded from rain, but also serves as a shelter, with opening view of the outside world. The elegance of Chinese architecture fully embodies a traditional idea of combining man and nature into one.
It was reflected in the four cornices tilted, seeming to float, reducing the heaviness and solidification of the building. If we say its elegance arises from reasonability, its vigor then comes from sensibility. The artistry of Chinese traditional architectural modeling is incomparable to any other nation.
It was reflected in the use of azure stones which is durable and colorful, dazzling in the sun and magnificent in various environments. Its high cost also symbolized wealth and status.
It can be seen that the combination of elegance, vigor and luxury forms the tradition of Chinese architecture.
Focus on Landscape and Feng Shui
The above three characteristics refer only to the building itself but not its environment. If the environment is considered, there is still a fourth feature of the traditional Chinese architecture, its focus on landscape and Feng Shui.
The professional Feng Shui masters, not considering the superstitious part, can be regarded as site-selecting experts.
If a house is beneath mountains, it surely has open vision and smooth drainage; or near sources of water, it is easy to gain the advantage of abundant fishery. Therefore, if the house is near hillside and source of water with plenty of sunshine, it, of course, is recognized as the best location for living.
Artificial forest and Feng Shui are also attached much importance in traditional Chinese architecture, which emphasize the harmony between artificial and nature, the convergence with the outside, forming a heavenly environment, arising the feeling of relaxation and happiness.
The fourth feature of traditional Chinese architecture further embodies the idea of “the unity of nature and humanity”, which is exactly the same as the desire of modern people to “return to nature”. It can be seen that the traditional emphasis on landscape will surely be promoted and developed in modern architectural design so as to create a beautiful environment and realize the return of nature.