Since the Tujia nationality was historically Chineseized, the traditional Tujia garments have basically disappeared. Due to the need for performance, most of the modern Tujia garments are developed in different styles.
The structural style of Tujia costumes is based on the principles of simplicity and practicality which is loose and comfortable. The people like to wear collarless and strapping jackets with embroidered patterns on the collar which are colorful with strong ethnic characteristics.
The clothing of Tujia women are generally unlined and left-opened with embroidered with one-inch laces on the upper collar to the hem of the skirts and several small ones on the sleeves. The sleeves are about two feet with laces of the same width . The trousers are about one foot and five inches wide. In addition, the chest jacket apron is semicircular with an-inch-wide lace and embroidered with flowers woven by colorful silk threads on the chest.
The sleeves and trousers on Tujia women’s clothing adopt stitching, a series of continuous small crosses being needled on the cloth to form lines or squares and then combined into various patterns.
In composition, color transformation is used to reflect the rhythmic feeling. The use of green, red and yellow, which are similar in appearance and tone, promotes a dull, single and continuous patterns to be rich and beautiful. These delicate garments present the wisdom of the people which are a cultural treasure of the nation.
To Tujia people, red, providing a sense of warmth and brightness, is the most popular among many colors, being the essential color which must be used. After the Reform of the Land, due to the suppression of the feudal dynasty and the strong influence of the Central Plains culture, the Tujia garments gradually assimilated into Mandarin styles with the particular Tujia home-woven laces, maintaining the distinct characteristics of the nation.
The Tujia men wrap their heads with 2-meter-length indigo silk or cloth, covering only part of the hair. They wear front opening blouses and indigo or blue trousers, matching white-sole shoes.
Tujia women also wrap their head with 2-meter-length indigo silk or cloth. Their blouse are generally front-openings and collarless with two different indigo edges on the cuff of sleeves and the necklines, but not lace.Their wedding dress are loose and long. The braid’s shoes are exquisitely embroidered with indigo, blue or pink satin.
Besides, the embroidered insoles are the most precious gift a girl gives to her beloved.
What’s worth mentioning is the hats of kids, differentiating according to age and season. The hats are all embroidered on different lucky patterns with five-color thread.
The children's shoes are also made of red satin, the tip of whom is turned backwards and embroidered with a 王， meaning king in Chinese, as well as flowers on both sides.
Due to the traditional Tujia garments have basically disappeared, most of the modern ones are developed from different styles. The Miao garments in Guizhou and Hunan have been continuously used as references which can be quite confusing. Actually, the traditional silverware of Tujia are much less than those of Miao in quantity. In addition, they are generally known for the simplicity which are less fancy than Miao’s.